Following is a list of the most common diseases experienced in dogs. Many are easily prevented with immunizations. Please remember to make sure your dog is up-to-date on all preventative treatments and make it a point to know the causes of these disorders in order to give them the best possible care.

Distemper
Distemper virus can be fatal, causing fits, uncontrolled muscle contractions (tics) or muscular weakness. It often permanently damages the dog’s nervous system, sense of smell, eyesight and hearing. It also causes a discharge from the dog’s eyes or nose, as well as sickness and diarrhoea. Other symptoms include coughing, difficulty breathing, increased body temperature, weight loss and loss of appetite.

Canine hepatitis virus – (Adenovirus)
Canine hepatitis is a potentially fatal disease, most commonly found in young, unvaccinated pups. It causes discharge from the nose or eyes, coughing and serious liver and/or kidney disease, appetite loss, sickness, as well as a change in drinking and urination behaviour. The disease is spread by contact with urine from infected dogs.

Parvovirus (Parvo)
Parvovirus is most likely to infect pups up to six months of age, but can infect older dogs and is often fatal in the very young and old. It can cause severe vomiting and blood stained diarrhoea, high temperature and sudden death from damage to the heart can occur. It is easily spread by direct contact between dogs or via owner’s clothing and shoes.

Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease which causes loss of appetite, sickness, high temperature and discharge from the eyes. The dog may develop liver disease, kidney damage, diarrhoea and increased urination. Infected
dogs may die rapidly or much later from kidney failure or even if they recover, they can remain carriers infecting other dogs. It is an infection frequently carried by rats and mice and contamination of water or feed is common where hygiene measures are insufficient.

Parainfluenza
Parainfluenza virus is one of several infectious organisms that cause kennel cough in the UK. In the early stages it causes harsh dry coughing which may be followed by gagging. It is mild and usually goes away on its own unless the dog is very young or has other medical conditions, but it is highly infectious.

Less commonly used vaccines for dogs include Bordetella (one of the causes of kennel cough), rabies, corona virus, herpes virus, Giardia, lyme disease, and tetanus.

At the first sign of any of the above symptom trusted veterinarian advice should be sought.

For further information, the Veterinary Medicines Directorate have published this fact sheet.

If you prefer a more holistic approach the Holistic Vet has provided an excellent range of reading materials.

And remember that good health care product such as our anti-bacterial care spray help you prevent infection too.